The thyroid gland is located in your neck, near your Adam’s apple. The gland uses the amino acid L-Tyrosine and Iodine to produce the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which control many important bodily functions, such as metabolism, heart rate, body temperature, muscle strength, and mental focus.
There are many different conditions that can affect your thyroid gland, such as:
While these disorders can cause a number of unpleasant symptoms and negatively affect your life, treatment for thyroid disease is readily available. Click here to find a provider and learn more about treatment options for thyroid conditions.
There are many different causes of thyroid disorders, including:
While each thyroid condition has its own specific symptoms, common signs of low thyroid or subclinical hypothyroidism include:
Symptoms of high thyroid- patients will usually have at least 3 of the following:
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, your healthcare provider can test you for a thyroid condition. The different kinds of tests that can be performed include:
If deemed necessary, thyroid imbalance and disease treatment either involves medications, supplements or in some cases, surgery. In the case of hypothyroidism, various thyroid hormones can be used to replenish deficient T3 and T4 hormones including:
Medications for hyperthyroidism can include anti-thyroid drugs such as methimazole (Tapazole), or radioactive iodine pills to permanently damage the thyroid gland. In the cases of thyroid goiters, nodules, cancer, or when medication for hyperthyroidism is not effective, surgery can be used to remove the diseased tissue, or in some cases, the entire thyroid gland. Talk with your healthcare provider about which treatment is best for you.
Thyroid conditions can affect every aspect of your life. Thankfully, there are many different ways to return your T3 and T4 to healthy levels. To schedule an appointment with a thyroid specialist, find a provider here.
Thyroid disorders are conditions that cause your gland to produce too much, too little or an imbalance of thyroid hormones. The disorder can also be an unnatural growth on your thyroid gland or an auto-immune condition that damages the thyroid gland.
In the case of subacute thyroiditis, or an inflammation of the thyroid, yes, your thyroid gland may hurt. In cases of goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland), swallowing may be affected.
Hyperthyroidism, or an overproduction of thyroid hormone, can be caused by thyroid nodules, thyroid inflammation, cancerous growths, pituitary gland malfunction, or Grave’s disease.
Hypothyroidism, or an underproduction of thyroid hormone, can simply be an underproduction of thyroid hormone. It can also be caused by lithium, low levels or excessive amounts of iodine, removal of the thyroid gland or an autoimmune disease known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
Symptoms of thyroid conditions can include fatigue, weakness, weight gain, depression, lack of focus, or sensitivity to heat or cold.
Yes. There are many different medications that can used for thyroid treatment, such as hormone replacements, anti-thyroid drugs, and radioactive iodine. In some cases, partial to total surgical removal of your thyroid gland may be necessary.